Response to Intervention (RtI0
Response To Intervention (commonly abbreviated RTI or RtI) is a method of academic intervention which is designed to provide early, effective assistance to children who are having difficulty learning.
RTI follows the following core assumptions:
· that the educational system can effectively teach all children.
· that early intervention is critical to preventing problems from getting out of control.
· that the implementation of a multi-tiered service delivery model is necessary.
· that a problem solving model should be used to make decisions between tiers.
· that research based interventions should be implemented to the extent possible.
· that progress monitoring must be implemented to inform instruction.
· that data should drive decision making.
The system consists of 3 TIERS (levels) of support:
1. TIER I – Regular classroom instruction with no additional support from an interventionist. Teachers will provide differentiated instruction during reading, writing, and math workshop.
2. TIER II – In addition to classroom instruction, a student will receive thirty minutes (30) of additional academic support provided by a trained staff member during intervention time.
3. TIER III – Intensive instruction is provided for 60 minutes utilizing a research based intervention program.
School wide Title I Services
A schoolwide program is a comprehensive reform strategy designed to upgrade the entire educational program in a Title I school; its primary goal is to ensure that all students, particularly those who are low-achieving, demonstrate proficient and advanced levels of achievement on State academic achievement standards.
In general, a Title I school may operate as a schoolwide program only if a minimum of 40 percent of the students in the school, or residing in the attendance area served by the school, are from low-income families. [Section 1114(a)(1) of Title I of ESEA].
Whereas Title I targeted assistance programs only provide educational services to identified individual students, schoolwide programs allow staff in schools with high concentrations of students from low-income families to redesign their entire educational program to serve all students. The emphasis in schoolwide program schools is on serving all students, improving all structures that support student learning, and combining all resources, as allowed, to achieve a common goal. Schoolwide programs maximize the impact of Title I. Adopting this strategy should result in an ongoing, comprehensive plan for school improvement that is owned by the entire school community and tailored to its unique needs.
Special education is in place to provide additional services, support, programs, specialized placements or environments to ensure that all students' educational needs are provided for. Special education is provided to qualifying students at no cost to the parents. There are many students who have special learning needs and these needs are addressed through special education.
Children with disabilities have a right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). Children differ in mental abilities, sensory development, physical traits, emotional or social behaviors, or communication skills. Some may require modification to their school program or special education and related services in order to benefit from their schooling.
Congress recognized that children with disabilities have special needs and passed what is now called the
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 1975. That law provided that children with disabilities mustreceive a free appropriate public education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment (LRE). The law has since been reauthorized six times and this booklet reflects the latest changes made by Congress in2004. Missouri House Bill 474 and later legislation make it the law of the state to provide special education services, sufficient to meet the needs of all children with eligible disabilities, from the child’s 3rd birthday to age 21, at no cost to the parent. The Missouri State Plan for Special Education contains all regulations that must be followed by all public school districts and other responsible agencies in the provision of special education services.
Below is a link to a guide to provide parents with information concerning your rights and responsibilities as the parent of any child with a disability as defined in the Missouri State Plan for Special Education. http://www.dese.mo.gov/divspeced/Compliance/Proc_Safe/index.html